The executive bodies of the Stockholm and Basel Conventions developed a number of guidelines for inventory and environmentally sound management of PCBs that are being regularly updated. Guidelines for inventory and waste management that were adopted in 2015-2016 are the following:
- PCB inventory guidance (UNEP, 2016)
- Technical guidelines for the environmentally sound management of wastes consisting of, containing or contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated terphenyls (PCTs) or polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs)
One of the Project objectives is harmonization of these guidelines with the Ukrainian legislation.
Environmentally efficient system for PCB management requires not only regulatory and methodological but also technological support. Since equipment for PCB disposal is quite expensive, companies operating in the field of hazardous waste management in Ukraine own licenses that cover only PCB collection, transportation and storage. There are some incinerators with gas scrubbing systems that could be upgraded and used for PCB-containing waste disposal.
GEF-UNIDO will also assist in development of an optimal strategy for production capacity building in the field of PCB management and disposal.
First of all, it requires both raising public awareness on technology solutions for PCB disposal applied abroad and evaluation of its effectiveness in Ukraine. From a practical perspective, the most acceptable overview of such technology with the elements of evaluation and comparative analysis was conducted by the UNIDO International Centre for Science and High Technology (ICS).
Ukrainian experts have successfully used this overview for their analysis. It is necessary to develop Ukrainian version of the “Guide to the best available technology on POP disposal” based on the technology overview. Subsequently, after reforming the Ukrainian licensing system in accordance with the principles of the European Guidance to integrated pollution prevention and control, this methodical document can become a reliable tool for assessment of licensed technology.